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What are the different types of vaccines for teenagers?

Most parents visit paediatricians with their babies on a regular basis. Toddlers have a strict immunisation schedule that needs to be complied with. Teenagers also require visiting doctors for vaccines. Many adolescents, however, are not regular in visiting doctors for vaccinations. Such a reckless behaviour predisposes teens to several life-threatening diseases.

What all vaccines are ignored by teenagers?

At present, different works for development of vaccines are done. Despite such significant works, many teens are not protected against severe diseases and conditions. As per research, only a few teenagers have taken a shot of meningococcal vaccinum that helps prevent a number of bacterial infections. Also, a significantly few number of girls have taken a human papillomavirus vaccine that protects from cervical cancer. Apart from this, most adolescents ignore getting vaccinated against influenza: a disease that wrecked havoc in the U.S. in 2010.

Why vaccinations for teenagers are important?

Teenagers as well as parents must underscore the value of well-defined vaccination programs. Most programs not only protect vaccinated people, but also their respective families and communities.

For example, a teen who is vaccinated against influenza will not let the disease spread. A community having high rates of vaccinations will have fewer instances of epidemics. Such principle in vaccination is known as herd immunity.

Listed below are some vaccinums that must be given to teens.

  • Meningococcal Vaccine

The first dose of meningococcal vaccinum is given at the age of 11-12 years. A research undertaken by U.S. Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that meningococcal vaccinum must be given to adolescents when they are 16 years old. The vaccination programs protect against several illnesses caused due to Neisseria Meningitidis. The bacteria can cause pneumonia, meningitis, bloodstream infections, and other type of infections.

  • Human Papillomavirus Vaccine

Recommended age to get Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination is 11-12 years for both females and males.  The HPV vaccine is an intramuscular shot completed in three doses. The HPV belongs to a large group of viruses. The vaccinium program helps in protection against viruses that are transmitted sexually.

Most parents as well as teenagers make light of getting HPV vaccinum. Such recklessness is reflected in figures: A large portion of females encounter HPV till they reach the age of 50.

  • Influenza Vaccine

Seasonal influenza vaccination program is recommended annually for adolescents. The vaccination program for influenza is meant for anybody who is above six months of age. The vaccinum safeguards against a variety of respiratory illnesses that is caused by influenza.  Most research companies are engaged in development of vaccines for influenza.  As fresh strains of influenza come out periodically, the nature of its vaccinum also changes. Therefore, vaccinum for influenza is recommended on a yearly basis. Two vaccine delivery methods for influenza vaccination include injection and inhalation.

As teens approach adulthood, they can manage their own health care by talking over immunisation with parents and doctors.  By regularly communicating with doctors, adolescents can remain updated about shots that they have received, and the ones that are recommended.

Featured Image Source: healthsmartvaccines.com

 

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